Part II – Subduing the Earth

God gave us this earth to subdue it.  What did he mean? Let’s begin by looking up the definition. Subdue means many different things. The New World Dictionary of the American Language – 2nd College Edition gives us this:  alter in sense and form after; to bring into subjection, conquer; vanquish; to repress emotions; to bring under cultivation. This gives us a good picture of how the American language uses words for many different meanings, how we turn words and meanings around to fit our relativistic society. Would God have meant to conquer or vanquish? Or to repress ones emotions – by being controlling? I think we could all agree that this is not the intent of God’s message. So if we use the last part of the definition: to bring under cultivation, I think we can then go to the definition of cultivate to grasp a clearer meaning. In the sense of cultivating land it means to prepare the soil for planting.  The definition speaks also of cultivating the mind: to improve by care, training, or study; refine.  So in Genesis where God tells man to subdue the earth,  would he mean what we have done to the visible world – to the earth and our relationships? Lets take a look at the visible world.

II. THE VISIBLE WORLD 337 God himself created the visible world in all its richness, diversity and order. Scripture presents the work of the Creator symbolically as a succession of six days of divine “work”, concluded by the “rest” of the seventh day.204 On the subject of creation, the sacred text teaches the truths revealed by God for our salvation,205 permitting us to “recognize the inner nature, the value and the ordering of the whole of creation to the praise of God.”206 (Gen 1″1- 2:4)338 Nothing exists that does not owe its existence to God the Creator. The world began when God’s word drew it out of nothingness; all existent beings, all of nature, and all human history are rooted in this primordial event, the very genesis by which the world was constituted and time begun.207339 Each creature possesses its own particular goodness and perfection. For each one of the works of the “six days” it is said: “And God saw that it was good.” “By the very nature of creation, material being is endowed with its own stability, truth and excellence, its own order and laws.”208 Each of the various creatures, willed in its own being, reflects in its own way a ray of God’s infinite wisdom and goodness. Man must therefore respect the particular goodness of every creature, to avoid any disordered use of things which would be in contempt of the Creator and would bring disastrous consequences for human beings and their environment.340 God wills the interdependence of creatures. The sun and the moon, the cedar and the little flower, the eagle and the sparrow: the spectacle of their countless diversities and inequalities tells us that no creature is self-sufficient. Creatures exist only in dependence on each other, to complete each other, in the service of each other.341 The beauty of the universe: The order and harmony of the created world results from the diversity of beings and from the relationships which exist among them. Man discovers them progressively as the laws of nature. They call forth the admiration of scholars. The beauty of creation reflects the infinite beauty of the Creator and ought to inspire the respect and submission of man’s intellect and will.342 The hierarchy of creatures is expressed by the order of the “six days”, from the less perfect to the more perfect. God loves all his creatures209 and takes care of each one, even the sparrow. Nevertheless, Jesus said: “You are of more value than many sparrows”, or again: “Of how much more value is a man than a sheep!”210 (Ps 145:9; Lk 12:6-7; Mt 12:12)343 Man is the summit of the Creator’s work, as the inspired account expresses by clearly distinguishing the creation of man from that of the other creatures.211 (Gen 1:26)344 There is a solidarity among all creatures arising from the fact that all have the same Creator and are all ordered to his glory: May you be praised, O Lord, in all your creatures, especially brother sun, by whom you give us light for the day; he is beautiful, radiating great splendor, and offering us a symbol of you, the Most High. . .

May you be praised, my Lord, for sister water, who is very useful and humble, precious and chaste. . .
May you be praised, my Lord, for sister earth, our mother, who bears and feeds us, and produces the variety of fruits and dappled flowers and grasses. . .
Praise and bless my Lord, give thanks and serve him in all humility.212

345 The sabbath – the end of the work of the six days. The sacred text says that “on the seventh day God finished his work which he had done”, that the “heavens and the earth were finished”, and that God “rested” on this day and sanctified and blessed it.213 (Gen 2:1-3) These inspired words are rich in profitable instruction:346 In creation God laid a foundation and established laws that remain firm, on which the believer can rely with confidence, for they are the sign and pledge of the unshakeable faithfulness of God’s covenant.214 For his part man must remain faithful to this foundation, and respect the laws which the Creator has written into it. (Heb 4:3-4; Jer 31:35-37; 33:19-26)
347 Creation was fashioned with a view to the sabbath and therefore for the worship and adoration of God. Worship is inscribed in the order of creation.215 (Gen 1:14) As the rule of St. Benedict says, nothing should take precedence over “the work of God”, that is, solemn worship.216 This indicates the right order of human concerns.
348 The sabbath is at the heart of Israel’s law. To keep the commandments is to correspond to the wisdom and the will of God as expressed in his work of creation.
349 The eighth day. But for us a new day has dawned: the day of Christ’s Resurrection. The seventh day completes the first creation. The eighth day begins the new creation. Thus, the work of creation culminates in the greater work of redemption. The first creation finds its meaning and its summit in the new creation in Christ, the splendor of which surpasses that of the first creation.217

(Articles 337-349 from The Catechism of the Catholic Church)

Part I – Man and Woman

Part I – Man and Woman


369 Man and woman have been created, which is to say, willed by God: on the one hand, in perfect equality as human persons; on the other, in their respective beings as man and woman. “Being man” or “being woman” is a reality which is good and willed by God: man and woman possess an inalienable dignity which comes to them immediately from God their Creator.240 Man and woman are both with one and the same dignity “in the image of God”. In their “being-man” and “being-woman”, they reflect the Creator’s wisdom and goodness.(CCC, 240 Gen 2:7, 22)

The excerpt above explains the blueprint for relationships that is clearly spelled out in Genesis. Man does not lie with another man or animal – his entire being was “willed” by God for the woman. No where else in God’s creation, did man “cry in wonder, exclaiming love and communion” (CCC 371) than in the first glance at “woman.” To be with anyone else is against the very nature that God created. Homosexuality and bestiality are in direct conflict with nature and a disorder of this world.

372 Man and woman were made “for each other” – not that God left them half-made and incomplete: he created them to be a communion of persons, in which each can be “helpmate” to the other, for they are equal as persons (“bone of my bones. . .”) and complementary as masculine and feminine. In marriage God unites them in such a way that, by forming “one flesh”,245 they can transmit human life: “Be fruitful and multiply, and fill the earth.”246 By transmitting human life to their descendants, man and woman as spouses and parents cooperate in a unique way in the Creator’s work.247  (Cathechism of the Catholic Church, Gen 2:24, Gen 1:28)

We see the disorder all around us. It begins with relationships, then it spreads to marriages, to families, to society, to the nations, …to the very foundation God’s creation – the earth.

 (Look for Part II Subduing the Earth and Part II Our Roles as Man and Woman, coming soon)

What do Theodore Roosevelt, Sigmund Freud and Mahatma Ghandi All Have in Common?

Theodore Roosevelt wrote, “Birth control is the one sin for which the penalty is national death, race death; a sin for which there is no atonement.”

Sigmund Freud, “The abandonment of the reproductive function is the common feature of all perversions. We actually describe a sexual activity as perverse if it has given up the aim of reproduction and pursues the attainment of pleasure as an aim independent of it. So, as you will see, the breach and turning point in the development of sexual life lies in becoming subordinate to the purpose of reproduction. Everything that happens before this turn of events and equally everything that disregards it and that aims solely at obtaining pleasure is given the uncomplimentary name of “perverse” and as such is proscribed.”

Mahatma Ghandi, “Artificial methods [of contraception] are like putting a premium on vice. They make men and women reckless …. Nature is relentless and will have full revenge for any such violation of her laws. Moral results can only be produced by moral restraints. All other restraints defeat the very purpose for which they are intended. If artificial methods become the order of the day, nothing but moral degradation can be the result. A society that has already become enervated through a variety of causes will still become further enervated by the adoption of artificial [birth control] methods …. As it is, man has sufficiently degraded women for his lust, and artificial methods, no matter how well-meaning the advocates may be, will still further degrade her.”.

Nature and Our Actions

A recent post to by Mattthew Kelly, entitled “What Can Nature Teach Us About Ourselves” allowed me to reflect on the rhythm of life and its power. It got me thinking of another aritcle by Fr. Longenecker entitled “Evaluating Disasters”, which allowed me to reflect on nature and the many disasters we have experienced of late.

If our holiness can lead to beauty, peace and harmony and the earths reaction to that, then could the oppposite  occur by our sin? What if our sins had a direct effect on the earth? Could our actions affect the rhythm of the created order? So, while we tend to either blame God, or question why he would let such diasters strike, maybe we should turn to ourselves. Do our sins have a ripple affect to the point of disturbing the life cycle of the earth? God created the world to communicate his glory. But, if we are not doing that, then what might happen? Instead of being collaborators with God’s will in completing his work of creation, could we be helping to bring it to destruction?

Could Adolf Hitler have gone to Heaven?

During his academic years, Pope Benedict noticed that many had a false concept of what conscience is.  In a debate about the justifying force on an erring conscience, the subject of Hitler was brought up. “One colleague suggested the thesis that, if it were generally true that an erring conscience could lead to salvation, then even the SS troops under Hitler would have been justified and would now be in heaven, since they had committed their evil deeds out of fanatical conviction and without the least disturbance to their consciences. Another colleague responded, as if he were stating the most obvious thing in the world: ‘Yes, that is so!’ He argued that there was not the slightest doubt that Hitler and his collaborators were deeply convinced of their cause and could not in fact have acted differently. Therefore, despite all the objective horror of their deeds, they had acted morally, from a subjective perspective. And since they were following their conscience, even though it was misdirected, their conduct must be acknowledge as moral. There is thus no doubt that they attained eternal salvation.” (Excerpt fromValues in a Time of Upheaval by Joseph Cardinal Ratzinger (Pope Benedict XVI). . (New York: Crossroad Publishing Co.), 80.)

Do you agree with Cardinal Ratzinger’s colleagues? Why or why not?

The Sacred

Do you think that we have lost the sense of the Sacred in

our lives?